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Senior Research and Development Technician - San Jose, California location

 

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MWII

 

1.    Is the eRET retrofittable to existing solar installations?
 
Yes. The eRET can work with any solar panel. The eRET uses the voltage and current output to generate power.

 
2.    What is the electrical efficiency of the eRET?
 
Based on electrical input-output analysis, the eRET has been tested at 98.4% efficiency.


3.   How does the eRET work?

The standard solar panel collects an enormous quantity of charge from the energizing of ions (from the photons arriving from the Sun) situated within the solar cell. This is due to a substantial “rain” of photons impacting on the solar panel. The eRET collects that charge and focuses the charge from the panel to a very small area of high energy. This ratio is over 50,000. A high energy current results from the concentration of charge.
 
 
4.   Why is an inverter not needed?

An inverter is a device that converts direct current to alternating current and vice versa. All solar installations need an inverter to convert direct electricity from the output of a solar panel to alternating current that can be used by electrical devices commonly employed today. The capital cost of the inverter constitutes a significant fraction of the cost of a solar installation. The eRET eliminates the need for an inverter since AC and DC can be produced within the module. By altering the flow of electrons, alternating current can be generated.


5.   The eRET can produce very high powers (>10 kw). How can one produce that much power using only a 200 watt solar panel?
 
Electric circuits have the unique feature to possess an independent current and voltage source. Since electric current is a sequence of elementary charges (electrons), the incipient electrons can, in turn, result in the generation of high energy electric currents. The energy reservoir of a solar panel which resides in the p-n junction of a solar cell, can be accessed quickly without depletion since the rate of photon arrival (from the Sun) and energizing the intrinsic electrons is faster than the emission of electrons from the eRET. For example, energetically, an electron at a potential of 20,000 volts only contains about 3.2 X 10-15 joules of energy (a millionth of a billionth of a joule of energy). A typical solar panel can process about 200 joules/second. Accessing small quantities of energy at fast rates is one of the hallmark characteristics of the eRET. High powers are attained by quickly energizing a coherent sequence of charges constituting an electric current.

 
6.    How can the eRET produce hydrogen and electrical power simultaneously?
 
Quantum mechanics states the electron can be considered both a particle and a wave. This was theorized by the great physicists Louis de Broglie and Albert Einstein. Two other physicists, Clinton Davisson and Lester Germer, at Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1927, proved the hypothesis set forth above.
    The eRET uses the above fact to generate an electron (as a particle) for the purpose of generating electrical power and coherent radiation (as a wave) as a result of its transit within the device. The waves produced as a result of the acceleration of the electron results in waves at certain specific frequencies, whereby the oxygen-hydrogen bond absorbs the radiation efficiently, thereby breaking the bond. Using our proprietary membrane, we are able to separate the products of the water dissociation process into separate pure streams of hydrogen and oxygen.


7.   How big is the eRET?

The eRET has a very small footprint. The core device can fit in the palm of your hand. The entire eRET system is the size of a large microwave oven.
 
 
8.   Why is the eRET a “point-of-use” generator?

Traditionally, energy resources were located far away from the conversion facilities (power plants) and the ultimate users of electrical power (transmission grid). In order to economically distribute the energy for electric power, it was important to construct and build centralized power plants and a transmission grid to deliver it. The electrical power infrastructure for enabling this scenario is extremely expensive. There are at least 1.5 billion people on the planet that use expensive kerosene and candles for lighting purposes. The eRET will be able to provide a cheaper electrical alternative to people who do not have access to electricity. One overriding barrier is the cost of the electrical infrastructure that needs to be established. The eRET allows the direct generation of electricity at the consumer site without the need for any electrical infrastructure. This is possible because the means of generating power is all around us; namely, the Sun and water.


9.   Can the eRET produce the same chemicals that are commonly generated using a fossil fuel source?
 
Yes. The eRET is able to generate pure, inexpensive hydrogen, which is the key building block of the chemical industry. The carbon source for organic chemical manufacture for the eRET is carbon dioxide. Hydrogen and carbon dioxide can combine over a catalyst to produce most if not all the same chemicals produced from fossil fuels. Even the production of ammonia can be successfully executed with nitrogen from the air and hydrogen from wastewater.
    The ability to generate chemicals at the point of use will eliminate an expensive capital infrastructure for production and distribution of valuable chemical products.
    As an example, the generation of ammonia and fertilizer, could, in principle, be produced at the farm for immediate use. The cost of ammonia using the eRET is independent of the price of the fossil fuel source (e.g. natural gas) as well as the transportation costs associated with bringing the fertilizer to the consumer.

 
10.  How does the RET stack up with other commercial hydrogen technologies?
 
Today, there are two commercial technologies for producing hydrogen; steam methane reforming and electrolysis. Steam methane reforming is a process that uses methane as a source of hydrogen. Methane is burnt to provide the heat and steam needed to pull off the hydrogen atoms from the methane molecule. As prices rise for methane (due to political and resource constraints) the price of hydrogen will also rise. Steam methane reforming is also an intense global warming technology where 14 kilograms of carbon dioxide are produced for every kilogram of hydrogen generated. Although electrolysis has a high efficiency, (~70%), it relies on external sources of electricity. Since the most common source of electricity is from fossil fueled power plants, the net efficiency may drop to levels close to ~25% due to the inefficient process of making electricity. Furthermore, electrolysis is a greater global warmer than steam methane reforming (because of the fossil fuel component) resulting in a generation of 22 kilograms of carbon dioxide for every kilogram of hydrogen produced. RET does not rely on a carbon source. In addition, the efficiency is very high compared to the above technologies. Further information is provided in the TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS section of our web site. The technical article, "Evaluation of Genesys Technology to Produce Hydrogen from Water Compared to Electrolysis and Steam Methane Reforming, by Ronny Bar-Gadda" is given there.


11.  Can the eRET Technology be used in cars?

Yes it can. The technology used in the eRET relies on similar physics to the RET technology. However, instead of cracking water vapor to hydrogen and oxygen, the eRET is optimized to produce electrical power so that it can be used in conjunction with a solar panel to amplify the power of the sun. Another advantage of the eRET in an automobile is the ability to use the sun as a dedicated charging station while driving your electric car. Therefore, it is unnecessary to transport a large fuel reserve like a fossil fueled automobile car.
 
 

 

 

Semiconductor A-01

 

Semiconductor B-01

 

Most of the basic chemicals and gases used in a typical semiconductor manufacturing facility can be produced using the RET and eRET systems. The eRET can produce both electricity and hydrogen and oxygen simultaneously in order to provide the most basic energy and chemical resource needed to produce silicon chips. In addition, the eRET can be interfaced with a fuel cell to provide additional electricity and other important semiconductor gases such as nitrogen, argon and even helium. The above figures show two different scenarios that illustrate these points.

 

Wind Resources for RET

Wind energy is intermittent and variable. However, electrical demand is stable and predictable. In order to maximize wind resources, it is important to remove the variability of the energy source in order to optimize allocation and distribution to customers on a regular and predictable basis. The only means of doing that is to fully dedicate the collection of energy in the form of a stable, energy dense fuel (hydrogen) from a primary feedstock (waste or seawater) that is readily available and inexpensive and allocate and distribute that captured energy source (in this case hydrogen) to synchronize with customer demand. The figure below illustrates this point. The data was taken from a group of wind farms located in South East Australia. In the label marked A, one can see that the supply of wind energy exceeds demand. Unless a method of storing this excess energy is implemented, the additional generated energy is lost. Label B shows a peak in energy production at the same time of minimum energy demand. This represents a complete mismatch in the energy supply and demand cycle. Excess supply in this scenario is also lost. Label C represents the exact opposite of B in that the demand is very high but the supply is low. This reduces the availability of the wind farm for energy production, idling expensive capital equipment. Label D represents the synchronization of supply and demand. As one can see in the example shown below, that condition is not a common event.
 

 

January

 

 

 

As shown in the figure below, the change of the seasons clearly demonstrate the complete change in the wind resource availability from the above figure. On the contrary, demand is constant and predictable although at a higher level due to the change of season. Once again, the synchronization of supply and demand occurs in only a handful of days in the month. 

 

May

 

Wind Farms — Land

 

Dedicated wind farms producing hydrogen from RET can be constructed in any remote area so long as there is a relatively constant source of wind. As shown in the figure below, water availability is not an issue since even unfiltered rain water caught in basins can be a source of hydrogen. Expensive grid connection is not necessary, eliminating a high capital cost item. Hydrogen as well as oxygen can be sent to customers via pipeline as shown by label B or via truck as shown by label A. Local economics will dictate which option is more viable.  

 

 
Remote Land Farm

 

 
There are different scenarios in which the eRET can be used. If it is desired to have a hybrid system where hydrogen and electricity is sold simultaneously, there are several ways in which one can accomplish that. This option only makes sense if the grid is located near the wind farm. In that case, hydrogen could be produced during non demand hours and electricity sold to the grid during high peak hours. Alternatively, the wind farm can be used as a base load plant where a predictable electricity flow could be established if hydrogen is produced in conjunction with a fuel cell. In this scenario, hydrogen is produced and stored and the fuel cell supplies electricity to the grid in even amounts to satisfy base load needs. One advantage of this option is the generation of useful by products such as argon and nitrogen. Local production of fertilizer can be made a reality if the wind farm is located in an agricultural area. The figure below illustrates this approach. A 1 MW wind turbine would permit the use of about 15,000 eRETs to operate giving a total of around 600 MW of power.

 

WindRET H2

 

Wind Farms — Ocean

Wind farms located close to the shore or in deepwater are ideal venues for the production of hydrogen using the RET. There is a clear similarity between offshore oil drilling and hydrogen production using RET from offshore wind. The infrastructure of both would be identical. The capital cost, however, would be a lot less for the production of hydrogen using RET for many reasons. Some of them are the unnecessary requirement for expensive exploration and drilling at great depths for a depleting and finite resource or the use of submarine cabling to attach to a land electrical grid. There is no physical limitation as to the size of a deepwater wind farm or its location further from land since the RET/wind turbine combination is self contained and the infrastructure of transporting hydrogen is well established. There are two ways of generating hydrogen in an offshore scenario; centralized or distributed. The decentralized or distributed approach is considered superior for ocean applications. The opposite is true for land based hydrogen production. As shown in the figure below for decentralized hydrogen production, there are two types of hydrogen delivery to the shore. As shown in the figures, labeled A or the figure below labeled C, a tanker or barge* collects the compressed hydrogen in the form of cylinders (composite or otherwise), and transports them to a port on the coast for land based distribution. This is more suitable for distant offshore hydrogen generation. Land distribution of hydrogen could take the form of tanker or conventional flat bed vehicles. The other option, namely a hydrogen pipeline, label B in the figure, would be more suitable for offshore farms closer to the shore.

 

*Commercial ships already employ hydrogen. Both represent different approaches. The Hydrogen Challenger produces its own fuel so it doesn't compete with the RET hydrogen production. See also the H Ship.

 

Decentralized

 

 
Container

 

Centralized hydrogen production as illustrated in the figure below would be most suitable for wind farms close to the shore. Once again, two options for hydrogen delivery are available. Their implementation would be a function of the local infrastructure and other economic factors.

 

  Floating-Farm

 

RET is superior to electrolysis especially in ocean based hydrogen production. As the table below enumerates, RET can use unfiltered seawater as a feedstock for hydrogen production. The elimination of expensive water filtering substantially reduces operating and capital costs. In addition, since the RET is a solid state system, there is no fear of a toxic leak from corrosive chemicals as is commonly used in electrolysis systems. RET systems are modular, so scale-up to a variety of turbine sizes is simple and cost effective. The compression of hydrogen takes place in a metal alloy hydride system tailored to the thermodynamics of the site. The exothermic nature of the metal hydriding process can be used to vaporize the seawater for RET hydrogen generation. High pressure dispensing could be accomplished on a just in time schedule. As the barge approaches the loading facility of the turbine/RET system, cooling water from the ocean can initiate hydrogen desorption from the metal alloy in order to pressurize and fill tanks for shipping. The temporary storage of hydrogen in metal hydride containers allows the safe storage of this gas at atmospheric conditions. The salt residue left after the generation of the vapor can be sold as a byproduct.
  
RET-Electrolysis

 

The pie chart below shows the cost breakdown of an offshore wind plant. About 15% of the capital cost is due to submarine cabling and integration with a land electrical grid. This would not be necessary if a RET/wind turbine combination is used. The capital cost of a deep offshore wind farm is quite large and therefore any capital reduction would be welcome.
 
  Pie-Chart

 

In comparing dedicated production of hydrogen using RET in an offshore wind farm versus generating electricity for a land based grid there are several outstanding differences that should be noted. The capital cost of submarine cabling and transmission to land is very expensive. RET is a low cost system that can be tailored to the peak production of power of the wind turbine. Generating hydrogen exclusively allows the maximization of energy collection from the turbine enhancing its availability and capacity, thereby justifying the high initial capital cost of the offshore wind farm. Also, it should be pointed out, that there are no losses of hydrogen when transported to the shore via tanker or barge. Typically there is a 10 to 15% loss in transmitting power from the wind farm to the land-based grid. Offshore wind farms dedicated solely for the production of hydrogen are not limited to distance from the shore since expensive cabling or piping is absent. Lastly, the infrastructure of producing hydrogen in an offshore setting is similar to offshore oil operations. We have the benefit of over 50 years of experience and technology to make this combination a near term reality. Unfortunately, the deepwater generation of electricity has a very short span of experience where the first deep water project generating electricity occurred in September, 2009. As an example, there is a proposed offshore wind farm to be located off the Maine coast that is projected to produce 5 GW of power. If this farm is dedicated to hydrogen production, assuming a 75% efficiency of the RET, this farm could produce about 250,000,000 kilograms of hydrogen per year. This would satisfy half the transportation needs or half the electrical needs for the state of Maine on a permanent basis. 
Offshore-Wind-Slide
The Problems with Salt Water Electrolysis

As shown in the figure below, chlorine generation becomes predominant in the region where the electrode potential lies between about 1.8 and 2.6 volts. The transport of Cl- ions to the electrode is limited, whereas there is no corresponding problem with the availability of water to produce oxygen. There is a potential sufficiently high at which Cl2 production becomes limited by mass transfer; oxygen continuing to evolve as a function of the increasing electrode potential. If the cell potential is increased > 0.2 volts above the limiting current of Cl-, the amount of chlorine generation drops to less than 1% of the evolved gas (O2/Cl2). One can conclude from the figure below that up to about 1.8V, chlorine evolution can be neglected and that after 2.2V, it will predominate. However, after 2.6 volts it will become a rapidly decreasing component of the product gas.

The higher range of potentials in which chlorine evolution rates increase no more, but hydrogen and oxygen increase exponentially with the applied potential, is not an economically practical range. Additional energy (from electrical sources) is necessary to operate at higher potentials. Therefore, the aim is to achieve oxygen evolution at potentials < 1.8V for economic reasons. Unless a super active catalyst is discovered to achieve a kinetic regime that makes economic sense, direct seawater electrolysis will not be a viable means of converting seawater into hydrogen and oxygen in the near term. There has been work on new electrodes to improve the speed of the reaction. They involve the use of expensive precious metals (e.g. iridium and platinum) and the kinetics are still not in the realm of commercial realization. Also, at these low potentials, the current density for the reaction is diminished. Larger electrode surface areas are needed to compensate for the smaller current densities. The use of precious metals for these electrodes would make the capital cost of the electrolyzer prohibitive. It should finally be pointed out that it is necessary to maintain 100% selectivity to oxygen over chlorine in order to prevent the toxic emission of this halogen gas into the atmosphere. There is no such process technology to date that can fulfill the above requirement.
 
Sea Electrolyzer
  

 

24/7 Renewable Home Utility and Sanitation System
 
Power-Africa-Solar-Utility-web-1
 

Unfortunately, more than 589 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) live without access to electricity: only 35 percent of the population in SSA has access, compared with 96 and 78 percent in East Asia Pacific and South Asia, respectively. For most Africans, electric power is inaccessible, unaffordable, or unreliable. The lack of both quality and energy services and access to modern sources of fuel—such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), diesel, and biofuels—traps them in a world of poverty.

This inaccessibility to modern energy in SSA touches all sectors of society—health clinics cannot refrigerate vaccines, students find it difficult to read after dark, and businesses have shorter operating hours. Even Africans with up to date energy sources face unreliable and unpredictable supplies for which they must pay high prices.

Currently, the energy sector of SSA meets neither the needs nor the aspirations of its citizens. Africa’s development challenges will become even more daunting as population growth in many SSA countries is projected to outpace electrification efforts. If current trends continue, electrification rates will grow from 35 to 51 percent, but the absolute deficit of people without electricity will also grow from its 2012 level of 589 million to over 645 million by 2030. Clearly, action is needed to accelerate electrification beyond its business-as-usual pace.

Current uses of biomass fuels in SSA present grave health, environmental, and social concerns. As a result of indoor air pollution and chronic respiratory illnesses from the use of primitive cook stoves, the World Health Organization’s estimates suggest that between 2000 and 2030, 8.1 million premature deaths will occur among children and 1.7 million premature deaths will occur among adult women in SSA.

Examples of the above conditions can be illustrated with many countries. For example, the Republic of Benin, one of the poorest countries in Western Sub-Saharan Africa, has an infant mortality rate of 1 in 5 births before the age of five. It is believed many of these deaths can be prevented if adequate waste treatment and fresh water were available. In many of these countries, the cost of building an electrical transmission, waste water and fresh water infrastructure is cost prohibitive. Sub Saharan Africa does not have an existing infrastructure to service the electrical, waste treatment and fresh water needs of its population. The future for these countries is the adoption of localized and distributed electrical power production as well as waste treatment and fresh water generation. The eRET can fill this gap since the above illustration shows the various applications of its technology. In addition, the eRET has the capability of using its RF emission so that broadband and other communications are possible.

Other countries such as Nepal, where burning of wood and cow dung is prevalent can substitute these fuels for renewable electricity and hydrogen in order to satisfy cooking and heating needs.

Climate change has provoked our traditional attitudes toward these basic commodities. The eRET will smooth the way for that transition to a carbon free world.

 
 
 
Municipal Solid Waste

The generation of municipal solid waste in the United States in 2001 has been estimated by the Environmental Protection Agency to be about 229 million tons. Three large categories are paper, 81.9 million tons, plastics, 25.4 million tons and wood at 13.2 million tons. For example, utilizing RET technology at an overall efficiency of 70%, the amount of hydrogen that can be produced from plastic is approximately 5.53 billion kilograms or 7.76 billion kilograms of hydrogen produced from paper.

 

Waste Slide

 


Agricultural Residue

This technology is suitable to accept ALL forms of combustible biomass. The integrated system would accept any form of biomass feedstock or residue in a combustion unit. The heat generated from combustion would heat water to steam, which would in turn be used to generate electricity through a steam turbine. The waste steam from the turbine would be cracked using RET technology to hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen generated can be used as a fuel or combined with the exhaust CO2 from the combustion unit and a catalyst to produce a variety of chemicals such as methane or alcohol. Thus, CO2 is efficiently converted into a highly valued product. The integrated system is highly scalable for different energy or chemical needs. Production of hydrogen or chemicals is limited only by the amount of biomass consumed. The only byproduct of the technology is a small amount of ash that can be used as fertilizer. This technology can be applied in a centralized configuration for several farms or as an individual small generator for a single farm. The system has only one moving part and maintenance can be handled easily.

We believe our technology answers a broad range of economic and environmental concerns regarding biomass waste utilization.
    • Biomass waste may be disposed of by converting it selectively into hydrogen or useful chemicals
    • CO2 can be sequestered by converting it into a useful highly valued product (e.g. methane, methanol, ethanol, etc.)
    • The system can use a broad range of biomass feedstock.
    • The system is simple enough that a well informed farmer can use it without assistance.
    • The hydrogen or chemical product is within the competitive range of present gasoline or fossil fuel prices.

 

The system is completely solid state and rugged. The RET system needs water vapor or steam as a feedstock. Steam generation can be obtained from the combustion of a primary energy source such as biomass. Since the system of creating hydrogen or chemicals is independent of the primary energy source, any biomass source may be used successfully. Our technology is unique in that it addresses all the concerns of biomass utilization, disposal and CO2 sequestration.


The RET technology system for biomass residue has the potential of displacing fossil fuels in farm operations. Assuming a typical energy value of 16.8 MJ/kg for grain biomass feedstock, at 70% overall process efficiency, approximately 0.1 kg of hydrogen may be produced. Thus, approximately 10 kg of biomass residue would be needed to produce the energy equivalent of about 1 gallon of gasoline. The amount of grain residue attainable per unit area, based on data for corn is a little smaller than 350 t/km2. About 35,000 equivalent gallons of gasoline could be produced using the RET process. Residues from an average farm would be enough to sustain conventional farm machinery running on hydrogen or natural gas derived from the RET system. Pooling of farming community biomass would lead to an excess production of energy that could be sold on the open market. This in turn would improve the standard of living for rural communities.

 

Geothermal-Plant before and after
 

It is known that the temperature of the earth's crust increases downward at a rate of about (10 C) for every 30 meters.  A limitless supply of steam may be obtained with only a loose requirement of proper well depth. This technology is commercially available today. The calculated useful heat content of HDR (Hot Dry Rock) under the United States has been estimated to be about 10 million quads (1 quad = 1.0X1018 joules). In energy content, this is equivalent to about 1,700 trillion barrels of oil, or approximately 60,000 times the energy in the proven US reserves of crude oil. That represents about 35 million trillion cubic feet of hydrogen. On a weight basis, that comes out to 207,000 trillion pounds of hydrogen. Other sources of geothermal heat include geo-pressured reservoirs. Geo-pressured reservoirs such as those found along the northern shore of the Gulf of Mexico in the region from Brownsville, Texas, to New Orleans, Louisiana contain hot water at temperature from 150 C to 180 C under extremely high pressures (270 to 400 bars). The hot water under pressure from the geo-pressured zones can be used to produce hydrogen because of the hydraulic energy of the high pressure water and also the geothermal heat of the water. The figure below illustrates the various geothermal resources in the United States.

thumb geomap2

An integration of geothermal steam and electricity generation can be used to produce hydrogen and oxygen from the waste steam of the turbine, representing both resource mining and refining at the same location. This concept is called "hydrofining", and the integration of the geothermal well/electricity generation/waste steam cracking to hydrogen and oxygen, a "hydrofinery".

 

The Generation of Fuels, Electrical Power and Chemicals from Geothermal Resources

 

Genesys, LLC has developed proprietary technology called eRET(Electrical Radiant Energy Transfer) that enables additional electrical energy generation and new revenue potential from geothermal production well waste streams at highly cost-competitive levels compared with existing technologies. Our proposition is to integrate this proprietary system into the existing geothermal generation process, subsequent to all current commercial processes.

Our core technology uses new proprietary processes to produce high-output electrical power, hydrogen and chemicals simultaneously by using the eRET in conjunction with conventional solar panels as an energy source, at lower operating costs and higher efficiencies than any existing technology.

An integration of geothermal well emissions with the additional electricity generation from our system can be used to produce hydrogen and oxygen from the water vapour content of the turbine waste stream. Implementing both resource mining and refining at the same location is a concept known as "hydrofining". The integration of the geothermal well/electricity generation/waste stream cracking to hydrogen and oxygen would create a "hydrofinery". Carbon dioxide off gas from the well can be used as a source of carbon for the production of chemicals such as methanol or methane.

Economics for hydrogen generation utilizing eRET technology compare very favourably with conventional hydrogen production technologies such as steam methane reforming (SMR) or electrolysis – both of which are extremely energy intensive and inefficient. Our process uses a by-product of the proprietary electrical generation process - electromagnetic radiation - tuned to the resonant frequency of water vapour to break the OH bond with very minimal energy.

The new process would bypass existing systems such as the condenser, non-condensable gas removal and cooling towers, reducing operational maintenance requirements and costs for existing facilities, or substantially lowering capital cost requirements for new wells.

Due to the high flow rates of the steam (and also CO2 ~1%wt flows) it is possible to make economic amounts of CH4  and methanol. The commercial process for making methanol from carbon dioxide and hydrogen is: 

CO2 + 3H2 = CH3OH + H2O

By way of indicative example, if a steam from a geothermal well is about 300 metric tons/ hour or 300,000 kg/hr, with 1% by weight of CO2 in the stream, we can , in one hour, about  52.3 metric tons per day of methanol, which amounts to about 19,112 metric tons per year.

Producing methane is a simpler process with very high yields (>90%). That commercial process is called the Sabatier process for synthetic methane and was invented and commercialized around the turn of the last century. It is represented chemically as:

CO2 + 4H2 = CH4 + 2H2O

Using specific figures for a typical New Zealand central North Island geothermal well could provide about 0.5 tons of methane per hour or 4,380 tons of methane per well per year. Also, any liquid portion arising from the condensing steam turbines at 35C can also be flash evaporated to provide additional water vapour for the methanation reaction.

If other sources of waste CO2 were incorporated (avoided emissions from nearby geothermal facilities, industrial sources, forestry/timber milling residues, etc.) methane production could increase accordingly.

Since this could be considered as a free feedstock, the geothermal sector could actually compete with natural gas (fossil fuel) and biomass biogas on costs.

Our system is entirely independent, being powered solely by the eRET. Existing geothermal power generation would not be diminished in any way. On the contrary, additional electricity could be produced by incorporating more eRET modules to increase overall output supply to the grid, increasing revenues accordingly.

 

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24-7-eRET6-01 sm

 

A new revolutionary patented solar technology that increases the power of a solar panel by as much as 100 times, while simultaneously storing the energy in the form of hydrogen for later use has been invented and developed. An electron has both wavelike and particle properties. This new technology uses both properties of the electron to generate coherent electromagnetic radiation tuned to water vapor and electrical power at the same time. The water vapor may come from any source, including rain, sea or waste. The eRET™ generates electrons at very high potential so that very high power is produced with minimal electron energy input. Genesys, LLC has a working prototype routinely producing 10 kilowatts from two 100 watt solar panels with over one and a half years of operating experience. The system has produced power as high as 40 kilowatts.

The coherent electromagnetic radiation produced as a by-product is used to break the OH bond of a water molecule into hydrogen and oxygen. In addition, our patented membrane can separate hydrogen and oxygen during the water vapor cracking process. The hydrogen is stored for future use and the oxygen may be sold as an important industrial chemical. The eRET is the only technology today that stores its own energy (hydrogen) simultaneously while producing power, thereby providing a solution for electrical energy storage. The economics are very favorable.

There are multiple applications for the eRET. It enables the realization of a self-charging car that doesn’t need a recharging station. Future versions of the eRET will eliminate the use of lithium-ion batteries altogether for mobile transportation applications, thereby substantially reducing the cost of an electric car. Zero emission data centers may operate at a fraction of the operating cost compared to fossil fuels without any carbon dioxide emission.

The eRET can provide economically competitive renewable, carbon-free electricity and cost effective hydrogen gas as an alternative to fossil derived hydrogen and electricity, as well as any alternative renewable electrical generation modalities such as wind, solar or biomass.

 

Our Company and Technology
 
Genesys, LLC was formed to develop and commercialize the eRET™ (Electrical Radiant Energy Transfer) and RET™ (Radiant Energy Transfer) technologies of generating renewable, carbon free, electricity and converting water to hydrogen, respectively. These two technologies can be integrated to simultaneously provide electricity and hydrogen, or operated separately.

Our mission is to provide economically competitive renewable, carbon-free electricity and cost effective hydrogen gas as an alternative to fossil derived hydrogen and electricity, as well as any alternative renewable electrical generation modalities such as wind, solar or biomass. We believe that hydrogen energy coupled with renewable, distributed economic electricity generation is the future driver of our civilization, tapping the unlimited energy source of the sun and the ocean. The days of cheap oil are coming to an end. Global warming looms as a challenge for our society and planet. We believe both of these pivotal problems can be solved with our breakthrough technology in the areas of electricity generation and hydrogen production. Imagine a world where air and water pollution from fossil fuels is a distant memory of history, or energy in the form of electricity and hydrogen is plentiful, environmentally safe and readily accessible to all. At Genesys, LLC we don't have to imagine it because the future for us is now. Our new eRET technology can meet our customer’s needs with the most competitive electrical power source available today whether it is derived from a non-renewable source (e.g. fossil fuels) or a renewable source (e.g. solar PV, solar thermal, wind, biomass, etc.).

In addition, our proven patented RET technology can provide economically competitive hydrogen for energy or chemical applications with only sea or waste water as the source of hydrogen.

We have the only technology today that can combine both applications (electricity and hydrogen) in one device.